- Restrictive Pulmonary Disorders
Cause unknown which results in cells to form into clumps in the organs of the body, often the lungs and skin, but also can affect lymph nodes, spleen, liver, eyes, and salivary glands. Possibly related to an immune dysfunction. Symptoms include, malaise, fever, hepatosplenomegaly, dyspnea, tender red bumps on the skin, shortness of breath, and persistent cough, but symptoms will depend upon which organ is affected. Treatment; corticosteroids
Chronic long term lung condition resulting from inhalation of asbestos fibres, which is aggravated by smoking. There is also an increased risk of developing cancers of the lung. Symptoms, dyspnea, productive cough. Treatment, stop smoking, oxygen therapy, but there is no cure.
Caused by the inhalation of dust particles., e.g. coal dust. Symptoms, shortness of breath. Treatment to alleviate symptoms and remove cause.
Adult and Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome
In adults as a result of a lung infection, toxin inhalation, sepsis, trauma, pancreatitis, shock, and DIC (Disseminated intravascular coagulation). In babies due to prematurity, maternal diabetes, and birth by Caesarean section. Caused by a deficiency of pulmonary surfactant. Symptoms, dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis. Treatment; in adult treat underlying cause, mechanical ventilation. In babies exogenous surfactant, corticosteroids to mother before birth.
Type II hypersensitivity reaction that affects the kidneys and lungs, more common in men. Symptoms include; loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, coughing up blood, dry cough, shortness of breath, bloody urine, burning sensation when urinating, nausea and vomiting, pale skin, swelling. Treatment, Plasma exchange and corticosteroids.