- Other Disorders
loss of Kidney's ability to remove waste and maintain fluid balance. Causes include; Acute tubular necrosis (ATN), Autoimmune kidney disease, blood clot from cholesterol (cholesterol emboli), decreased blood flow due to very low blood pressure, which can result from: Burns, Dehydration, Haemorrhage, Injury, Septic shock, Serious illness, Surgery, Disorders that cause clotting within the kidney's blood vessels, Infections that directly injure the kidney, such as:, Acute pyelonephritis, Septicaemia, Pregnancy complications, including:, Placenta abruptio, Placenta previa, Urinary tract blockage. Symptoms include; bloody stools, breath odor and metallic taste in mouth, bruising easily, changes in mental status or mood, decreased appetite, decreased sensation, especially in the hands or feet, fatigue, flank pain (between the ribs and hips), hand tremor, high blood pressure, metallic taste in mouth, nausea or vomiting, may last for days, nosebleeds, persistent hiccups, prolonged bleeding, seizures, shortness of breath, slow, sluggish movements, swelling due to the body keeping in fluid, swelling, usually in the ankles, feet, and legs, urination changes: little or no urine, excessive urination at night, urination stops completely. Treatment: Treat underlying cause, fluid and electrolyte management, dialysis if needed
Urolithiasis (Kidney stones)
Formed when the urine is saturated with salt and mineral. Calcium oxalate and or calcium phosphate are the more prevalent, followed by Ammonium magnesium phosphate, Uric acid, and Cystine. Symptoms; flank pain radiating towards the groin and hematuria. Treatment: Hydrochlorothiazide (recurrent calcium stones), Allopurinol and brisk alkaline (uric acid stones), increasing fluid intake, surgical removal.