- Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders
Genetic disorder where lungs and digestive system becomes clogged with mucus. Symptoms are; persistent cough, recurring lung and chest infections, poor weight gain. Treatment to ease the symptoms: antibiotics, bronchodilators, physiotherapy. lung transplant.
Chronic Bronchitis (COPD chronic bronchitis pulmonary disease)
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes which then leads to scarring and obstructive passages. Caused by smoking, air pollution, or infection. Symptoms; coughing, wheezing, and tightness of chest. Treatment: stop smoking, oxygen, bronchodilators.
Associated with smoking. Develops as a result of the air sacs in the lungs being gradually destroyed and a loss of elasticity of the lungs, inflammation and scarring results in the narrowing of airways. Symptoms; shortness of breath, tachycardia,blue/grey lips and fingernails, frequent infections, cognitive impairment. Treatment; stop smoking, oxygen, bronchodilators, corticosteriods, antibiotics.
An inflammation of the airways. There are two types, Extrinsic; associated with type 1 hypersensitivity reaction, and Intrinsic; associated with chronic bronchitis, exercise, or cold. Symptoms include; difficulty in breathing, tight chest, wheezing and coughing. Treatment to relieve symptoms and identifying triggers.
The airways of the lungs have become abnormally widened leading to a build up of mucus, which makes the airways more vulnerable to infection. Symptoms include; persistent cough, breathlessness, coughing up or spitting blood. Treatment, antibiotics, bronchodilators, surgical resection for localised disease.