Causes are; smoking,obesity, family history. Symptoms include; blood in the urine, a constant pain below the ribs, a lump in the abdomen. Treatment; radical nephrectomy, chemotherapy/radiation.
Transitional Cell Carcinoma
Associated with smoking, exposure to aniline dyes, cyclophosphamide treatment and phenacetin abuse. Symptoms; painless hematuria. May also present with irritative voiding. Treatment; chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery.
Genetic condition, most commonly seen in early childhood. Symptoms include; surgery to remove tumour, radiotherapy and chemotherapy with actinomycin D and vincristine.