A genetic condition in which tumors develop along the nerves. Severity of symptoms will vary from one individual to the next, may cause neurologic symptoms leading to visual disturbances. Other symptoms; pale coffee-coloured patches with smooth outlines on the skin and soft bumps ( neurofibromas) on, or under the skin. May also lead to high blood pressure, curved spine, and learning difficulties. Treatment to remove nerofibromas, Multidisciplinary support dependent upon other conditions if present.
A rare type of eye cancer which is usually caught and treated early. If not treated, can spread beyond the eye and can be fatal. Two signs are; the pupil looking odd and having a squint. Treatment through surgery and radiation.
Highly malignant tumor arising in the cerebellum, which occurs mostly in children. Symptoms are; unsteady gait, obstructive hydrocephalus, seizures and headaches, nausea and vomiting. Treatment, surgery with radiation and chemotherapy.
Aetiology is unknown. Develops in the ventricles (fluid-filled spaces) of the brain. Most commonly occurs in children, but can be found in adults. It is usually localised in one area of the brain. Symptoms include; raised intracranial pressure, which can result in headaches, vomiting and nausea, and seizures. Other symptoms will relate to where the tumor has developed. Treatment; surgical excision ( a difficult procedure).
Associated with a genetic mutation, it is the most common and most malignant of glial tumours (affecting the central nervous system). Symptoms include; seizures, headaches, nausea and vomiting, progressive motor weakness. Treatment; surgical resection with chemotherapy and radiation, however prognosis is very poor.
Relatively rare benign tumor derived from oligodendrocytes. Symptoms include; seizures, headaches, palpitations. Treatment; surgical resection followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Tumors arising from Schwann cells. Symptoms include; hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo, seizures, headaches, nausea and vomiting and other signs of increased intracranial pressure. Treatment, surgical resection of tumor.
Benign slow growing tumor arising from the meningothelial cells of the arachnoid. Mostly occurs in women greater than 30 years. Symptoms related to compression of underlying brain which include; seizures, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and other signs of intracranial pressure.
Cause unknown but most commonly seen in young children, it develops from nerve cells called neuroblasts. Generally arises from the adrenal medulla and then spreads to other areas. Symptoms include; a large abdominal mass, hypertension and weight loss, bone pain making walking difficult. Anaemia if the bone marrow has been affected, and bluish lumps in the skin if it has spread to the skin. Can also cause symptoms of the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems with older children. Treatment; surgical resection with chemotherapy, prognosis is variable.