- Disorders of the Renal Parenchyma
Caused by inflammation due to an infection, but more chronic form as a result of an obstruction leading to more frequent infections. Symptoms in the acute phase include; flank pain, polyuria and dysuria, nausea, vomiting, and abscess formation. Chronic condition will produce more scarring which may lead to atrophy. Treatment; antibiotics in acute condition. Chronic condition may require a renal transplant.
Acute Tubular Necrosis
Precipitated by renal schema, crush injury, or nephrotoxic drugs which damages the tubule cells of the kidneys. Symptoms; signs of acute renal failure, decreased consciousness, coma, delirium or confusion, drowsy, lethargic, hard to arouse, decreased urine output or no urine output, general swelling, fluid retention, nausea, vomiting. Treatment, to prevent life-threatening complications of acute kidney failure, treat underlying cause, restricting fluid intake to a volume equal to the volume of urine produced, restricting substances normally removed by the kidneys (such as protein, sodium, potassium) to minimize their buildup in the body, taking medications to help control potassium levels in the bloodstream, medicines taken by mouth or through an IV to help remove fluid from the body.
Adult and Infantile Polycystic Kidney Disease
Genetic condition. Clusters of fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, develop in the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter waste products from the blood. The growth of cysts causes the kidneys to become enlarged and can lead to kidney failure. Symptoms include; hypertension, hematurria, and palpable renal masses, Berry aneurysm and mitral valve prolapse. Treatment to slow progress of eventual renal failure.