Benign Prostate HyperplasiaCaused by age related increase in estradiol levels. Symptoms; increased frequency of urination, nocturia, dysuria. Complications urinary obstruction, infections. Treatment; Finasteride, a 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, which acts by blocking the body's production of a male hormone that causes the prostate to enlarge Prostate Carcinoma Most common cancer among men. Frequently asymptomatic but may present with dysuria, and back pain. Treatment; prostatectomy, radiotherapy, GnRH analogues, anti androgens, chemotherapy.