- Disorders of the Ovaries
A fluid-filled sac that develops on a woman’s ovary, aetiology unknown. Most cysts do not cause any symptoms unless they are very large and cause an obstruction or pressure on surrounding tissue, and nerves, or rupture. Symptoms include; pelvic pain, difficulty emptying bowels, frequent need to urinate, changes to normal menstruation pattern, a feeling of fullness and bloating, indigestion, lightheadedness or dizziness, extreme tiredness (fatigue). Treatment: Oral contraceptives, laproscopic removal, oophorectomy.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome POCS
Cysts that develop in the ovaries (polycystic ovaries), ovaries do not regularly release eggs (ovulate), high levels of "male hormones" called androgens the body. Causes related to high levels of hormones in the body , insulin resistance, and family history. Symptoms include; irregular periods or no periods at all, difficulty getting pregnant (because of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate), excessive hair growth (hirsutism) - usually on the face, chest, back or buttocks, weight gain, thinning hair and hair loss from the head, oily skin or acne. Treatment: loss of weight if needed, oral contraceptives, surgery to remove cysts.
Ovarian Tumors of Surface Epithelium Origin
Develops from the cells on the surface of the ovary. Symptoms; abdominal discomfort. Malignant forms may present with; weakness, weight loss and anorexia. Treatment; tumor removal, oophorectomy or hysterectomy, chemotherapy.
Ovarian Tumors of Germ Cell OriginRisk factors nulliparity (never having given birth), or positive family history. Symptoms; mild, nonspecific abdominal discomfort. Treatment; tumor removal, oophorectomy or hysterectomy, chemotherapy.
Ovarian Tumors of Sex Cord-Stromal Origin
Risk factors nulliparity (never having given birth), or positive family history. Symptoms; mild, nonspecific abdominal discomfort, tumor removal, oophorectomy or hysterectomy, chemotherapy.