- Disorders of the Joint
An autoimmune Inflammatory disorder, more common in young men who are HLA-B27 positive, which affects various joints, including the spine. Symptoms include, pain and stiffness, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease. Treatment; NSAID's, physical therapy, intra-articular steroid injections.
Triggered by genetically susceptible people, which causes a chronic autoimmune reaction, more common in women. Symptoms include; pain and stiffness, due to inflammation of the joints. Condition varies between individuals and they experience flare-ups in which the symptoms become more severe. Treatment, glucocorticoids, NSAID's, immunosuppressants.
Destruction of the articular cartilage resulting from mechanical trauma to the joints that accumulates over time. Affects women more than men. Symptoms include; joint pain and stiffness that worsens. Treatment; NSAID's, surgical replacement of joint.
Caused by joint deposition of urate crystals due to hyperuricemia. Risk factors include obesity, alcohol use and genetic susceptibility. Symptoms, swollen tender joints, often in the big toe. Treatment NSAID's, Colchicine, Allopurinol to lower uric acid levels.