- Demyelinating Disorders
Aetiology unknown, though autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors have been implicated. Most often presents itself in Caucasian women between the ages of 20 and 30. Most common symptoms are; numbness and tingling, blurring of vision, problems with mobility and balance, and muscle weakness. Treatment to relieve symptoms, corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, and physiotherapy.
Usually occurs after a flu-like viral illness, but has also been associated with surgical procedures and bacterial infections. The illness results in ascending muscle weakness and paralysis which can progress to respiratory failure. Treatment, intravenous immunoglobulin to destroy harmful bacteria and viruses. Plasmapheresis to remove cells that attack the nerves and replaced with healthy plasma. Monitory of condition as you recover. The condition may leave the person with a permanent disability.