- Degenerative Disorders
Aetiology unknown, but usually presents in people over 50. It results in a loss of nerve cells which are responsible for producing dopamine. Dopamine is a chemical messenger that helps control and coordinate body movement. Symptoms include; tremor, slowness of movement, stiffness of muscle, depression, anxiety, mild cognitive impairment, and periods of insomnia. May also suffer from problems with urination, constipation and difficulties with swallowing. Treatment include medications to raise dopamine levels, and other supportive therapies to deal with the effects of the illness.
Aetiology unknown but results in a progressive loss of brain cells. Symptoms include; disorientation, personality and behavioural changes, and loss of motor skills. Treatment with drugs to slow its progression, supportive care.
An inherited disease that results in a progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain. Symptoms include; movement disorders, cognitive impairment, and depression. Treatment; medication, in particular for the movement disorders and mood disturbances, and supportive care.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Aetiology unknown but leads to the destruction of the nerve cells that control movement. Symptoms begin in the hands and feet, resulting in clumsiness and difficulty with walking, and a slurring of speech. The muscles throughout the body becomes progressively weaker, eventually affecting swallowing and breathing. Treatment, supportive care.